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Autoloader error "Failed to infer schema for format json from existing files in input"

hpant
New Contributor III

I have two json files in one of the location in Azure gen 2 storage e.g. '/mnt/abc/Testing/'. When I trying to read the files using autoloader I am getting this error: "Failed to infer schema for format json from existing files in input path /mnt/abc/Testing/. Please ensure you configured the options properly or explicitly specify the schema."

5 REPLIES 5

Kaniz_Fatma
Community Manager
Community Manager

Hi @hpant

Try these approaches, and let me know if you need further assistance! 

hpant
New Contributor III

Hey @Kaniz_Fatma ,

Thanks for your response. I have tried both with without schema and with schema, it is not working.

1. Without Schema

ss1.PNG

2. With Schema: It is taking forever to read the data even with two rows of data. (It kept running for 1 hour and I interrupted it after).

ss2.PNG

For your reference, I have attached sample json file:

ss3.PNG

hpant
New Contributor III

Hey @Kaniz_Fatma ,

Any comment on the above message?

Thanks

mtajmouati
New Contributor II

Hi ! 

 

Given the issues you're facing with schema inference and long processing times, it might be helpful to preprocess the JSON files to ensure they are properly formatted and manageable. Here's a step-by-step approach to split the JSON files into smaller chunks and then use Databricks Auto Loader to read them.

Step 1: Split the JSON Files

You can use a Python script to split the JSON files into smaller chunks. Here's an example of how you can do this:

import json

def split_json_file(input_path, output_dir, chunk_size=1):
    with open(input_path, 'r') as file:
        data = json.load(file)
    
    for i in range(0, len(data), chunk_size):
        chunk = data[i:i + chunk_size]
        output_path = f"{output_dir}/chunk_{i//chunk_size}.json"
        with open(output_path, 'w') as chunk_file:
            json.dump(chunk, chunk_file, indent=4)

# Example usage
input_path = "/dbfs/mnt/abc/Testing/input.json"
output_dir = "/dbfs/mnt/abc/Testing/split"
split_json_file(input_path, output_dir, chunk_size=1)

 

Step 2: Use Databricks Auto Loader to Read the Split JSON Files

Now, you can use Databricks Auto Loader to read the split JSON files into a DataFrame.

  1. Ensure the directory structure is correct: The split JSON files should be located in a directory that Auto Loader can access.

  2. Update the path in your Auto Loader code: Point to the directory where the split JSON files are stored.

Example Code to Read Split JSON Files

Here's the updated code to read the split JSON files using Auto Loader:

from pyspark.sql.types import StructType, StructField, StringType, TimestampType, DoubleType
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession

# Define the schema
schema = StructType([
    StructField("device_id", StringType(), True),
    StructField("documentTime", TimestampType(), True),
    StructField("radonShortTermAvg", DoubleType(), True),
    StructField("temp", DoubleType(), True),
    StructField("humidity", DoubleType(), True),
    StructField("co2", DoubleType(), True),
    StructField("voc", DoubleType(), True),
    StructField("pressure", DoubleType(), True),
    StructField("light", DoubleType(), True)
])

# Initialize Spark session
spark = SparkSession.builder \
    .appName("Auto Loader Example") \
    .getOrCreate()

# Define paths
path = '/mnt/abc/Testing/split/'  # Update to the directory with split JSON files
checkpoint_path = '/mnt/deskoccupancy-historical/Testing/Autoloader/'
table_name = 'bronze.occupancy_table_bronze'

# Read stream using Auto Loader
df = spark.readStream.format("cloudFiles") \
    .option("cloudFiles.format", "json") \
    .option("cloudFiles.schemaLocation", checkpoint_path) \
    .option("cloudFiles.includeExistingFiles", "true") \
    .option("encoding", "utf-8") \
    .option("multiline", "true") \
    .schema(schema) \
    .load(path)

# Write stream to Delta Lake
df.writeStream \
    .format("delta") \
    .option("mergeSchema", "true") \
    .option("checkpointLocation", checkpoint_path) \
    .start(table_name) \
    .awaitTermination()

 M.T

hpant
New Contributor III

Hi @mtajmouati ,

Thanks for your response. Your solution might work, but the problem is that we are receiving data every hour, and Autoloader can handle new data with its checkpoint system. However, if we keep the function to split the JSON file, we need to add a mechanism that only splits files which have not been read before, which would defeat the purpose of the Autoloader checkpoint system. Is there any way to achieve this using only Autoloader?

Thanks,

Himanshu

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