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Understanding Used Memory in Databricks Cluster

negrinij
New Contributor

Hello,

I wonder if anyone could give me any insights regarding used memory and how could I change my code to "release" some memory as the code runs. I am using a Databricks Notebook.

Basically, what we need to do is perform a query, create a spark sql dataframe and convert to Pandas (yes, I know pandas is not the best but it will have to do for now). The way the code is setup is in a form of a loop that calls a function that performs the steps for each query as according to the user request. The number of queries may vary.

My question is, every time the function is called, I see an increase in memory used. I was expecting that the memory would go down after a loop is finished, but it doesn't. It just keep going up and is never released. It seems like when it reaches about 100-120Gb, then it starts to peak and go back to the 100Gb baseline. Here's a minimal example:

import pandas as pd
 
def create_query(query):
  query_spark_df = spark.sql(query)  
  query_df_pd = query_spark_df.toPandas()
  query_df_pd['col1'] = query_df_pd['col1'].astype('Int16')
  query_df_pd['col2'] = query_df_pd['col2'].astype('int16')
  query_df_pd['col3'] = query_df_pd['col3'].astype('int32')
  #some other preprocessing steps
  #
  #
  return query_df_pd
 
query_list = [query_1, query_2]
for query in query_list:
  test = create_query(query)

I tried:

  • Delete variables using del and gc.collect()
  • After being used, I tried to assign other values to the same variables, such as query_spark_df  = []
  • I tried some spark options such as .unpersist(blocking = True) and spark.catalog.clearCache()

The problem is that after one day of users and us using the cluster, we have something that looks like this:

image.pngIn the image below, the black arrows demonstrate when a new job is started:

imageThe only options that seems to make the Used Memory go down is spark.stop() however I cannot use this in the middle of the loop or in the end of the code as there might be other jobs running at the same time.

Is there any spark option that I could add to my "loop" (or at least to the end of my code) that would clear up the used memory? As I mentioned, GC collect has no effect. Should I use the functions differently? Any Python best practice that I am missing? Any help is appreciated.

2 REPLIES 2

shan_chandra
Honored Contributor II
Honored Contributor II

@Juliana Negrini​ - could you please call the below method multiple times until you see the memory getting decreased to clear the memory?

def NukeAllCaching(tableName: Option[String] = None): Unit = {
  tableName.map { path =>
    com.databricks.sql.transaction.tahoe.DeltaValidation.invalidateCache(spark, path)
  }
  spark.conf.set("spark.databricks.io.cache.enabled", "false")
  spark.conf.set("spark.databricks.delta.smallTable.cache.enabled", "false")
  spark.conf.set("spark.databricks.delta.stats.localCache.maxNumFiles", "1")
  spark.conf.set("spark.databricks.delta.fastQueryPath.dataskipping.checkpointCache.enabled", "false")
  com.databricks.sql.transaction.tahoe.DeltaLog.clearCache()
 
  spark.sql("CLEAR CACHE")
  sqlContext.clearCache()  
}
NukeAllCaching()

The above solution is a kind of patch that requires to be called multiple times. The ideal way is to analyze your code if it is written efficiently in terms of performance, memory usage, and usability.

shan_chandra
Honored Contributor II
Honored Contributor II

@Juliana Negrini​ - with respect to the your sample code, you can use spark's distributed query capabilities to run the query using spark instead of pandas. so, you don't have to toggle between the pandas data frame and the spark data frame.

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