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Error ingesting zip files: ExecutorLostFailure Reason: Command exited with code 50

New Contributor II


We are trying to ingest zip files into Azure Databricks delta lake using COPY INTO command. 

There are 100+ zip files with average size of ~300MB each.

Cluster configuration:

  • 1 driver: 56GB, 16 cores
  • 2-8 workers: 32GB, 8 cores (each). Autoscaling enabled.

    Following Spark parameters set at cluster level:

    • spark.default.parallelism 150
    • spark.executor.memory 30g

      Following Spark parameters set at the notebook level (while running the COPY INTO command).

spark = SparkSession.builder.appName("YourApp").config("spark.sql.execution.arrow.enabled", "true").config("spark.sql.execution.arrow.maxRecordsPerBatch", "100").config("", "2G").config("", "1000s").config("spark.driver.maxResultSize","2G").getOrCreate()

We are consistently getting the following error while trying to ingest the zip files:

Job aborted due to stage failure: Task 77 in stage 33.0 failed 4 times, most recent failure: Lost task 77.3 in stage 33.0 (TID 1667) ( executor 20): ExecutorLostFailure (executor 20 exited caused by one of the running tasks) Reason: Command exited with code 50 The error stack looks like this:Py4JJavaError: An error occurred while calling o360.sql. : org.apache.spark.SparkException: Job aborted due to stage failure: Task 77 in stage 33.0 failed 4 times, most recent failure: Lost task 77.3 in stage 33.0 (TID 1667) ( executor 20): ExecutorLostFailure (executor 20 exited caused by one of the running tasks) Reason: Command exited with code 50

Driver stacktrace: at

org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGScheduler.failJobAndIndependentStages(DAGScheduler.scala:3628) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGScheduler.$anonfun$abortStage$2(DAGScheduler.scala:3559) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGScheduler.$anonfun$abortStage$2$adapted(DAGScheduler.scala:3546) at scala.collection.mutable.ResizableArray.foreach(ResizableArray.scala:62) at scala.collection.mutable.ResizableArray.foreach$(ResizableArray.scala:55) at scala.collection.mutable.ArrayBuffer.foreach(ArrayBuffer.scala:49) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGScheduler.abortStage(DAGScheduler.scala:3546) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGScheduler.$anonfun$handleTaskSetFailed$1(DAGScheduler.scala:1521) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGScheduler.$anonfun$handleTaskSetFailed$1$adapted(DAGScheduler.scala:1521) at scala.Option.foreach(Option.scala:407) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGScheduler.handleTaskSetFailed(DAGScheduler.scala:1521) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGSchedulerEventProcessLoop.doOnReceive(DAGScheduler.scala:3875) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGSchedulerEventProcessLoop.onReceive(DAGScheduler.scala:3787) at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGSchedulerEventProcessLoop.onReceive(DAGScheduler.scala:3775) at org.apache.spark.util.EventLoop$$anon$ at org.apache.spark.scheduler.DAGScheduler.$anonfun$runJob$1(DAGScheduler.scala:1245) at scala.runtime.java8.JFunction0$mcV$sp.apply(JFunction0$mcV

This works for less number of zip files (upto 20). Even this was not working with default cluster configuration. We had to increase driver and worker config and increase parallelism and executor memory options at cluster level as mentioned above. Now this higher config is failing when trying to ingest more zip files. We ideally don't wish to increase the cluster config any further as that's not the optimal solution and number of files can keep increasing. 

Please advise.

CC: @Anup




Community Manager
Community Manager

Hi @nikhilmbIt seems you’re encountering issues while ingesting zip files into Azure Databricks Delta Lake using the COPY INTO command.

Let’s troubleshoot this together.

First, let’s review some key points related to COPY INTO:

  1. COPY INTO Command:

    • The COPY INTO SQL command allows you to load data from a file location into a Delta table.
    • It’s a re-triable and idempotent operation, meaning that files already loaded are skipped.
    • It supports various source file formats (CSV, JSON, XML, Avro, ORC, Parquet, text, and binary files).
    • Schema inference, mapping, merging, and evolution are handled automatically.
  2. Requirements:

    • An account admin must configure data access for ingestion to allow users to load data using COPY INTO.
  3. Example: Load Data into a Schemaless Delta Lake Table:

    • You can create an empty placeholder Delta table with schema inference enabled:
      COPY INTO my_table FROM '/path/to/files' FILEFORMAT = <format> FORMAT_OPTIONS ('mergeSchema' = 'true') COPY_OPTIONS ('mergeSchema' = 'true');
    • The empty Delta table is not usable outside of COPY INTO. After data ingestion, the table becomes queryable.
  4. Example: Set Schema and Load Data into a Delta Lake Table:

    • Create a Delta table and load sample data from Databricks datasets:
      -- Create target table and load data
      CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS user_ping_target;
      COPY INTO user_ping_target FROM ${c.source} FILEFORMAT = JSON FORMAT_OPTIONS ('mergeSchema' = 'true');
  5. Common Data Loading Patterns:

Now, let’s address the error you’re encountering. The error message indicates that Task 77 in stage 33.0 failed due to an ExecutorLostFailure with exit code 50.

Here are some steps to troubleshoot:

  1. Resource Constraints:

    • Ensure that your cluster resources (memory, cores) are sufficient for handling the data ingestion workload.
    • Monitor resource utilization during the ingestion process.
  2. Executor Failures:

    • The ExecutorLostFailure suggests that an executor (worker node) exited unexpectedly.
    • Check the executor logs for more details (you can find them in the Databricks UI under the “Logs” tab).
    • Investigate any out-of-memory errors or other issues related to the executor.
  3. Network Timeout:

    • The parameter is set to 1000s. Consider adjusting this value based on your network conditions.
    • Longer timeouts may be necessary for large data transfers.
  4. Driver Configuration:

    • Verify that the driver configuration (56GB memory, 16 cores) is appropriate for your workload.
    • Adjust the driver memory or cores if needed.
  5. Autoscaling:

    • Autoscaling may impact resource availability during peak loads. Monitor autoscaling behavior.
  6. Retry Mechanism:

    • Since COPY INTO is re-triable, consider implementing a retry mechanism in your code to handle transient failures.

If you need further assistance, feel free to ask! 😊


New Contributor II

Thanks for the response.

We tried all the suggestions in the post. It's still failing.

I think Spark tries to unzip files during ingestion and that's where it goes out of memory. May be ingesting zip files is not supported yet. We are now exploring the Unity Catalog Volume option to ingest zip files and access them in the delta lake.

New Contributor II

Just in the hope that this might benefit other users, we have decided to go for the good-old way of mounting cloud object store onto DBFS and then ingesting data from mounted drive into Unity Catalog-managed volume. Tried this for the 500+ zip files and it is working as expected.

New Contributor II

Although we were able to copy the zip files onto the DB volume, we were not able to share them with any system outside of the Databricks environment. Guess delta sharing does not support sharing files that are on UC volumes.